NCDC » Threats » Fire  · 


A fire spreads and causes more or less important damage depending on the type of material burnt.


  • Keep matches and lighters out of reach of children
  • Do not keep inflammable products close to a source of heat (alcohol, gas containers, paper, cloth, etc.)
  • Avoid building up heat. For example do not cover televisions or heating equipment
  • Beware of candles. Put them out before leaving a room
  • Never smoke in bed
  • Only use fireproof ashtrays and wait several hours before emptying them into a wastepaper bin or a rubbish bag
  • Do not leave the kitchen when you are heating butter or oil on a hotplate.
  • Before leaving your home check that all the hotplates are turned off
  • Memorise the telephone number of the fire-fighting services (firemen, civil protection, etc.)


  • Act in a calm and considered manner, avoid panic
  • Call for assistance and give them your address clearly
  • Cut off the gas and electricity supply
  • Use the available means to fight the fire. Never try to put out an oil fire with water. When electrical equipment is on fire, unplug it
  • Leave the building
  • Try to rescue persons and animals in danger (wrap people whose clothing is alight in blankets or coats and roll them on the ground)
  • If stair wells and corridors are filled with smoke, stay indoors and, avoid draughts by closing the doors and windows.Douse the door frequently with water and draught-proof it with wet rags. Make your presence known by showing yourself at the windows (without opening them)
  • If you are in a smoke filled place stay close to the ground where the air remains fresh
  • Never take the risk of being trapped by the fire


  • Follow the rescue team's orders
  • Inspect your house
  • Help your neighbours and people in difficulty (first aid kit)


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