NCDC » Threats » Storms and Cyclones  · 

Storms and Cyclones

A storm is characterized by violent winds and torrential rains; it is provoked by violent atmospheric disturbances occurring over land and sea.


  • Prepare an emergency kit: food, clothes, blankets, medicines, first aid kit, flashlight, battery-operated radio, identity papers and personal documents
  • Choose your shelter: basement, under a solid piece of furniture on the ground floor in the centre of the house and away from exterior walls and windows
  • Prune dead tree branches regularly and cut down dead trees to reduce the risk of them falling on your house
  • Secure to the ground temporary and flimsy structures.
  • Designate a meeting point for the family in case the storm occurs whilst the members are not together (at school, work, etc.) or if the house is destroyed



If you are indoors:

  • Avoid leaving your house. Listen to the radio or television.
  • Close doors and windows. Reinforce glass windows with sticky tape (applied in stars or crosses) Move inside all furniture and objects likely to be swept away by the wind or water
  • If in a village assemble cattle in the most solid stable and leave them supplies of fodder and water
  • If you are instructed to leave the premises do so.
  • Take your emergency kit with you

If you are outside:

  • If you do not see a shelter, lie down in a ditch or a ravine and protect your head
  • Never venture on water in a boat. If you are already on water make for the shore immediately you see the bad weather approaching

If you are in a Car

  • Get out and move away from it. The wind may overturn it or even project it in the air



  • Keep calm
  • Do not leave your house
  • Assemble everyone in the shelter or, if none is available, in the room chosen beforehand
  • Listen to the radio
  • Do not use the telephone, as it may overload the network.
  • Follow the instructions given by the authorities and rescue teams
  • In a thunderstorm, protect yourself from lighting, notably by keeping away from metal objects, turning off electricity, the telephone and television.
  • Avoid standing up in a high spot or sheltering under a tree.


  • Keep calm and avoid panic
  • Listen to the radio for information and follow instructions
  • Give first aid to those injured or trapped in rubble. Seek assistance if need be
  • Do not go near damaged electricity cables
  • Do not use the telephone except in a real emergency. Keep the lines free for the authorities
  • Do not consume water unless you have boiled it for 10 minutes or disinfected it with chlorine tablets or bleach (1 drop of bleach for 1 liter of water or, if the water is cloudy, add 3 drops and let it rest for 30 minutes)
  • In case of long electricity cuts, check the content of refrigerating units and discard damaged food


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