NCDC » Threats » Earthquakes  · 

Earthquakes


An earthquake is violent fracturing of rocks deep in the earth creating fractures under or on the surface and resulting in vibrations in the earth that are transmitted to buildings.

BEFORE

  • Know the cut off points for water, electricity and gas and how to operate them
  • Fix shelving and bookcases firmly to the walls
  • Place heavy objects as low as possible

 

DURING

If you are inside

  • Do not run outside. You are safer inside. Shelter in a doorway, under a table, a bench, a desk or a bed and hold on to it so as to follow its movements
  • If there is no solid furniture, stand against an internal wall and protect your head and neck
  • Move away from the fireplace, windows and balconies
  • Do not use lifts

If you are outside

  • Run to an open space
  • Move away from structures, buildings, high walls, overhead cables, electric cables, and all other structures that could collapse
  • If you are caught near a tall building or in a narrow street take shelter under a porch or in a doorway so as to protect yourself from falling objects

If you are in a car

  • Stop the car and stay in it
  • Avoid bridges, culverts, and all other structures that could collapse

 

AFTER

If you are injured

  • Don't panic, stay calm
  • Attract attention by all means (use a whistle, knock on walls, etc.)

If you are not injured

  • Put out any fires that may have started
  • Switch off all sources of heat and radiators
  • In case of damage, turn off the electricity, water and gas supply
  • Do not use matches or lighters because of the risk of gas leaks
  • Listen to the radio and follow the instructions of those in charge of the rescue operations
  • Provide first aid to the wounded (first aid kit)
  • Use the telephone only if lives are in danger. This is so as to not overload the telephone network which is essential for the rescue and medical services
  • Do not enter a damaged building, even if you believe it is safe
  • In case of aftershocks stay where you are and protect yourself
  • Ration your stocks of food and drinking water
  • Try & resque the wounded lying on the surface.
  • Assist Emergency Services with information and as volunteer.

 

 
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