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BAT Project

Environmental standards in the textile sector


Industrial growth plays an important role in India’s development strategies. The biggest employers in India are gathered in the textile sector. It is a water-intensive industry associated with high pollution due to the wastewater and wastes generated and the widespread use of chemicals, which need to be addressed. Many of the chemical agents used can have longlasting negative effects on the environment.

Under the ongoing Indo German Development Corporation, a project on “BAT Reference Document for the Textile Sector in India” is being implemented by GIZ, commissioned by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) as a part of the Global Project on “Export Initiative Environmental Technologies” (Exl). The Global Project (GV) supports in improving favourable framework conditions and developing markets for the introduction and permanent application of innovative, integrated environmental and climate protection technologies and the development of innovative green infrastructure in selected partner countries and thus contributes to the achievement of the UN sustainability goals (SDGs).

In the European Union (EU), the “Best Available Techniques Reference Documents” (BREFs) for textiles and other industry sectors provide standards and guidance to authorities on how to develop environmental directives as well as to industries on how to comply with the directives. The experiences gathered in the EU, particularly in Germany, will be used for developing a similar BREF document for the textile sector in India.

The budget for the project is upto 4 Mio EUR. The project started in June 2020 and is up to March 2023.